The BALANCED Project uses a capacity building continuum approach composed of pre-, intra- and post-learning periods.

The pre-learning period involves assessing regional and institutional capacities, competencies, resources and other factors that influence an organization's capacity to integrate PHE approaches into its on-going conservation or health programs.

The intra-learning period covers the actual training session(s), including workshops, field visits and post-course study in the work environment. The Project employs a variety of "intra-learning" approaches to foster PHE capacity among learners. These range from standard competency-based workshops, to supportive supervision, mentorship, south-to-south exchanges, and non-traditional interventions. In some cases, training is sequenced so that short-term visible results occur and competency is gradually developed as new program elements are added.

The post-learning period covers the time from when formal teaching has concluded to the end of a person's professional involvement in PHE. Findings from recent assessments of health-related training activities show that this period is traditionally neglected and is most responsible for poor post-training results and service delivery outcomes. Continuous repetition, learning, mentoring, and monthly support, especially in remote locations, can help lead to "gold standard" PHE models.